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Gendered geographies of violence: a multiple case study analysis of murdered women environmental defenders

By Dalena Le Tran, Joan Martinez-Alier, Grettel Navas, Sara Mingorria


This study illustrates how, despite the diversity of women environmental defenders and their movements around the world, there are near-universal patterns of violence threatening their survival. Violence against women environmental defenders, often perpetrated by government-backed corporations, remains overlooked. Research on this issue importantly contributes to discussions about environmental justice because women defenders make up a large proportion of those at the frontlines of ecological distribution conflicts. Through comparative political ecology, this research analyzes cases from the Environmental Justice Atlas, an online open-access inventory of environmental distribution conflicts, in which one or more women were assassinated while fighting a diverse array of extractive and polluting projects. Although the stories showcase a breadth of places, conflicts, social-class backgrounds, and other circumstances between women defenders, most cases featured multinational large-scale extractive companies supported by governments violently targeting women defenders with impunity.


Violence, murder, women environmental defenders, EJAtlas, comparative political ecology


How to Cite

Tran, D., Martínez‐Alier, J., Navas, G., & Mingorría, S. (2020). Gendered geographies of violence : a multiple case study analysis of murdered women environmental defenders. Journal of Political Ecology, 27(1), 1189–1212.

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