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Ecologically unequal exchange and ecological debt. Introduction to the special section. J. of Political Ecology,


By Alf Hornborg and J. Martinez-Alier.


This article introduces a Special Section on Ecologically Unequal Exchange (EUE), an underlying source of most of the environmental distribution conflicts in our time. The nine articles discuss theories, methodologies, and empirical case studies pertaining to ecologically unequal exchange, and address its relationship to ecological debt.



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Ecologically Unequal Exchange

ecological debt

political ecology


EJOLT FP7 project (2011-15) and EnvJustice (Advanced Grant from the European Research Council awarded to Joan Martinez-Alier). This is the introductory article in Alf Hornborg and Joan Martinez-Alier (eds.) 2016. “Ecologically unequal exchange and ecological debt”, Special Section of the Journal of Political Ecology 23:328-491

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