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Reply to Orihuela et al’s “Extractivism of the poor”

By J. Martinez-Alier, R. Neyra & M.A. Pérez Rincón

Available now at The Extractive Industries and Society Journal


According to the EJAtlas, of 97 environmental conflicts in Peru, 20 are deemed as successes, generally meaning « stopped projects ». Violence in Peruvian environmental conflicts is much higher than the average in the EJAtlas. However, not all investment projects in the extractive industries or infrastructure are conflictive. We discuss the sources of information on investment projects and on those which are conflictive, to give a stronger background to our findings.


  • The EJatlas collects and describes environmental conflict cases reaching 3 600 by 2022.
  • We calculate rates of « success » in environmental justice relative to the number of conflicts.
  • The EJAtlas is a large sample but not by far a complete inventory.
  • In Peru, of 97 conflicts collected in the EJAtlas by 2021, 20 were deemed to be « successful »

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