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Clean Development Mechanism

The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) is one of the three market based instruments developed under the Kyoto Protocol to reduce global carbon emissions. The other instruments are emissions trading (ET), …

Green Growth

The promises of Green Growth are striking – conserving nature, overcoming poverty, providing equity and creating jobs are all possible without additional investment in means of nature protection or damage …

Global constitutionalism

Reconstructing international law for environmental justice Given the internationalisation of problems, the interdependence of states, the introduction of new actors beyond states themselves and the relativisation of sovereignty, a new institutional …

Refocusing resistance for climate justice. COPing in, COPing out and beyond Paris

EJOLT Report 23: Refocusing resistance for climate justice. COPing in, COPing out and beyond Paris The full report can be downloaded here. Abstract The climate and environmental justice debates are heating up ahead …

The Steady-State Economy

‚ÄėAn economy with constant stocks of people and artefacts, maintained at some desired, sufficient levels by low rates of maintenance ‚Äėthroughput‚Äô, that is, by the lowest feasible flows of matter …

Pigou tax

The Pigou tax (also called Pigouvian tax) is a tax that has been proposed to be applied to market participants that generate costs for others (e.g. other market participants) through …

Human Development Index (HDI)

The Human Development Index (HDI) is an indicator system which was developed to shift the focus of development economics from national income accounting to people centered policies. Its purpose is …

Biopiracy

Biopiracy is a situation in which indigenous knowledge of nature, originating with¬†indigenous peoples, is used by others for profit, without permission from and with little or no compensation or recognition …

Commons

Commons are resources used by many individuals in a commonly agreed way. In general the concept covers different issues such as natural resources (e.g. the air) or intellectual resources (e.g. …

Cap and trade systems

A cap and trade system is a policy instrument developed in order to put a limit on resource use and enhance the redistribution of equal shares of resources through the …

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